Suede shoes are fashionable but hold a notorious reputation for being temperamental due to their unique properties and the special care they require. To many, these enigmatic materials seem almost unmanageable, often provoking uneasiness when it comes to cleaning and maintaining them. However, with the right knowledge and tools, the task becomes significantly more manageable. In this write-up, we will first delve into the essence of suede, delineating its structure, manufacturing process, and its quirky interaction with various substances. This foundational understanding will then be applied practically, as we explore the specialized tools needed for suede shoe cleaning and maintenance and teach you to use them most effectively. Finally, we will walk through the necessary step-by-step cleaning procedures and techniques to extend the life of your suede shoes and keep their charm intact.
Suede is a type of leather that has a napped finish. It is made from the underside of the animal skin, which gives it a soft and velvety texture. The term “suede” originates from the French, “gants de Suède,” which means “gloves from Sweden.” This material was originally used to make women’s gloves, but it quickly became popular for other products, including shoes.
Unique Properties of Suede
Suede’s distinctive look and feel come from the way it is processed. During manufacturing, the leather is split and the top-grain is removed. Then, the remaining underside is buffed to create a fuzzy nap, unique to suede. This process results in a material that’s softer and more pliable than standard leather.
Suede’s Porous Surface
Suede’s porous surface makes it naturally absorbent, which gives it a rich depth of color, but also makes it susceptible to moisture and staining. Suede breathes well and conforms to shape over time, making it comfortable for footwear. However, these attributes also make suede shoes more susceptible to damage from water, oil, dirt, and other substances.
Why Suede Reacts to Water and Stains
When suede comes into contact with water, the moisture sinks into the pores and can distort the shape and color of the material. Similarly, oils and dirt can set into the material, leaving unsightly stains. The nap of suede lends to its velvety luster, but also traps these elements easily.
Maintenance and Cleaning of Suede Shoes
To maintain and clean suede shoes, it’s best to treat them with a protective spray before the first use and to use a suede brush for regular maintenance because rough brush bristles can help restore the natural nap of the suede after it’s been worn down.
For deeper stains, there are specifically designed suede cleaners that don’t over-saturate the fabric and allow it to maintain its softness and flexibility. These products typically require you to work them into a light foam with a brush, apply to the stain, and then remove them with a clean, damp cloth.
Finally, remember to dry your shoes naturally, away from heat or sunlight, as these can damage suede. The cleaned shoes should be stuffed with tissue paper to help them retain shape while drying. Always do a spot test before applying any products to your suede shoes to ensure compatibility and avoid further staining.
Suede Cleaning Tools and Supplies
Suede Cleaning Tools
To properly clean suede shoes, it’s crucial you have the right tools on hand. These often come in the form of a specialized suede cleaning kit, which is both effective and convenient. A typical kit may include a suede brush, suede eraser, suede cleaning solution, and a protective spray.
A suede brush is a critical tool for everyday maintenance and cleaning. It usually features tightly packed bristles on one side, and a rubber bit on the opposite. The bristle side helps remove loose dirt and dust from the surface and nap of your shoes. The rubber side works to remove scuffs and restore the nap. Use gentle, short strokes, taking care not to brush too vigorously, as this could damage the suede’s surface.
Suede erasers are compact and designed for targeting stubborn stains on your suede shoes. To use, simply rub it over the dirty area as you would with a pencil eraser. It is a go-to tool for removing dried stains and scuff marks that a brush can’t reach. Remember to brush off the residue left by the eraser using the suede brush.
Cleaning Solutions and Protectants
Aside from physical tools, cleaning solutions are crucial for deep cleaning. Suede cleaners are specialized solutions that penetrate the fabric to dissolve stubborn stains without damaging it. To use, apply the cleaning solution using the applicator – often a brush or sponge. Rub it gently over the whole shoe, or just the stained area, focusing on particularly discolored patches. Let this sit as per the instructions before wiping off with a clean, damp cloth.
Lastly, it’s important to protect your shoes with a suede protector spray. These are designed to provide a protective water and stain repellent layer over your shoes. After cleaning your shoes and allowing them to dry, generously spray the protectant, holding it about a foot away from the shoe. This step will help keep your shoes looking newer for longer and make future cleaning easier.
For those who prefer a DIY approach, there are some household items that can work as alternatives. A clean toothbrush can work in a pinch instead of a suede brush, and a standard pencil eraser can suffice if you don’t have a suede eraser. For cleaning solutions, a mixture of white vinegar and water can be used. Be sure to test any homemade solutions on a small, inconspicuous area of the shoe first to ensure it doesn’t damage or discolor the suede.
Regardless of the tools you choose, regular maintenance is key to keeping your suede shoes looking their best. Brush your shoes after each wear to keep them clean and free of dust, and follow up with a protective spray to extend their lifespan. Regularly inspect your shoes for dirt and stains, treating them promptly to avoid permanent damage.
Cleaning Procedures and Techniques
Gathering Cleaning Supplies
Before you start cleaning, gather all necessary materials. These include a suede brush, a suede cleaning solution, a clean cloth or sponge, white vinegar, a pencil eraser, and a towel. If you do not have a suede brush, an old toothbrush can also do the trick. For stubborn stains, you can use a special suede eraser or white household vinegar.
Removing Loose Dirt
Using the suede brush, gently brush away any loose dirt or debris from the suede shoes. Always brush in the direction of the nap of the suede, not against it, to avoid ruining the texture.
For slightly misty stains or scuffs, use a warm, damp cloth or sponge to gently clean the area. Apply a small amount of suede cleaner to the stain and gently rub into the suede using circular motions, then allow it to dry naturally.
For tougher stains, you can either use a special suede eraser or you can dab a small amount of white vinegar onto the stained area using a clean cloth. Rub the vinegar into the stain using a circular motion and then allow it to dry. Once the shoes are dry, use the suede brush to restore the nap.
Eliminating Scuff Marks
Scuffs are common on suede shoes and can be removed using a pencil eraser. Simply rub the eraser over the scuff mark until it disappears. If the scuff is stubborn, carefully rub the area with a knife blade. However, it’s crucial not to apply too much pressure to avoid damaging the suede.
Cleaning the Whole Shoe
If your suede shoes are extensively dirty, you might need to clean the entire shoe. Use a suede cleaner and water according to the directions on the cleaner’s bottle. Always test a small, unseen area of the shoe first to make sure the cleaner does not discolor the suede.
Drying Suede Shoes
To dry your shoes after cleaning, just let them air dry at room temperature. Do not place them next to a heater or use a hair dryer as this can cause the suede to become brittle and may discolor it. Stuff the shoes with paper to help them maintain their shape while drying.
Store your suede shoes in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and heat, which can damage the shoes over time. Instead of just tossing your shoes in the closet, consider using a shoetree, which will help maintain their shape.
Protecting Suede Shoes
Once your shoes are dry and clean, apply a suede protector spray to help guard against future stains and water damage. Always test the product first on a small area of the shoes before applying it all over to prevent unwanted discoloration. Repeat this process every few weeks or after cleaning your shoes to keep them looking their best.
Caring for suede shoes is indeed a delicate endeavor that demands specialized knowledge and tools, but we hope this guide has demystified the process, making it both accessible and manageable. By understanding suede’s unique properties and how it interacts with different substances, selecting the proper cleaning tools, you are now well-equipped to handle your suede shoes properly, confidently, and with extraordinary care. Coupled with the step-by-step cleaning techniques and procedures provided here, rest assured, you can maintain the beauty and extend the life of your suede shoes by years. Remember, the key to prolonging the life of your suede footwear is preventative care and proper maintenance—it’s an investment that pays off.